Instructions for Authors

Journal of Bone and Joint Infection (JBJI) is a scientific publication of European Bone and Joint Infection Society (EBJIS) and Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) with a broad international readership. The Journal publishes articles on a variety of subjects of interest to practitioners and researchers in the field of osteo-articular and soft tissue infections. Submitted Manuscripts shall be an original contribution not previously published (except as an abstract or preliminary report) and shall not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. The Journal publishes original research articles (as full length or short communication articles), guidelines, systematic reviews, narrative reviews, case reports, and letters. Papers may be submitted in the respective categories. The editors reserve the right to change the category for consistency with JBJI style. The recommended format of word count, images, tables and references for each category should be respected. However, more detailed information is possible if reasonably justified.

Article Types

Original full-length articles: Manuscripts, describing clinical, pre-clinical, epidemiological investigations, clinical trials, clinical observations, and other relevant investigations shall be based on sound patient series, validated analytical methods, and appropriate statistical evaluation. Original research articles should be structured as follows: Introduction (clearly stating an objective or hypothesis), Methods (describing the study design and methods applied, including the study setting and dates, patients or participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria, and/or participation or response rates, or data sources, and how these were selected for the study), Results (describing the results of the study in context with the published literature and addressing study limitations), and Discussion (addressing relevant implications for clinical practice or health policy). A structured abstract is required.
Word limit: 3000 words (excluding the abstract and references).
Abstract: Up to 250 words, structured using the headings Introduction, Methods, Results and Conclusions.
References: maximum 40.
Tables/Figures: Data in the text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures.

Short communications:
Word limit: 1500 words (excluding the abstract and references).
Abstract: Up to 50 words, unstructured format.
References: maximum 12.
Tables/Figures: 2 tables or figures.

Submissions of national guidelines, recommendations or consensus statements are considered for publication, when they represent the statements of an official party (e.g., national expert group). Manuscripts may be published in national journals (in a language other than English) and JBJI in parallel, provided that editors of both journals have given permission prior to submission, and full transparency is guaranteed. 
Word limit: 3000 words (excluding the abstract and references).
Abstract: Up to 250 words, unstructured.
References: maximum 60.
Tables/Figures: Data in the text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures.

Please note that narrative review articles usually are invited by the editors; however, unsolicited material may be submitted but will be considered for publication only after discussion and review with the editorial team. Unsolicited 'Viewpoint' or 'Expert Opinion' articles are usually not considered for publication. For special theme issues, submissions may be invited by the editors. Systematic review articles should be submitted as original articles, the format of original articles should be used.
Word limit: 5000 words (narrative review) or 3000 (systematic review) (excluding the abstract and references).
Abstract: Up to 250 words, unstructured (narrative review) or structured (systematic review).
References: maximum 60.
Tables/Figures: Data in the text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures.

Case Reports:
Case reports are considered when they present unusual aspects of common problems or novel perspectives upon, or solutions to, clinically relevant issues. The latter criterion is important to the editorial team. Usual aspects of common problems are not considered for publication. A structured abstract is required.
Word limit: 1500 words (excluding the abstract and references).
Abstract: Up to 50 words, unstructured format.
References: maximum 12.
Tables/Figures: no restriction.

Letters to the Editor that pertain directly to an article published in the JBJI will be considered for publication. Letters must be submitted within 6 months of the publication date of the article. Authors of the original article cited in the letter will also be invited to reply.
Word limit: 500 words (excluding references).
No abstract. No tables or figures.
References: 5 (one reference should be the cited article).
Authors: maximum 3.

Manuscript Preparation Instructions


All material to be considered for publication in JBJI should be submitted in electronic form via the journal's online submission system at Submissions by email of any manuscript files, either to the editors or to the journal office, are not acceptable and are discarded automatically.

The text should be clear, readable, and concise. Manuscripts should be well presented, with correct grammar, spelling and punctuation. Authors may ask a native English speaker with experience in writing for scientific journals to verify the manuscript prior to submission.

Please embed figures and tables in the manuscript to become one single file for submission. Once submission is complete, the system will generate a manuscript ID sent to author's contact email. Submissions by email are not acceptable at any time.

Supplementary file: The initial submission allows one supplementary file to be submitted together with the main manuscript file and cover letter. If you have more than one supplementary files, you can submit the extra ones after the initial submission in the manuscript login page (under "Supplementary file" heading, click on the link "[Add More]").

To submit a revision please sign in here and use the submit button at the right side of page.

Title Page

The first letter of each word in title should be capitalized. Please include in the first page, the article title, author's names, affiliations, corresponding author's phone/fax number and/or email. Abstract should not contain citations to references. 3-6 keywords should be provided.

Author's names: please provide full names. Important! Please write first name and middle name before surname or last name, e.g., "Mike Johnson" (not "Johnson, Mike"; not "Johnson M."; not "M. Johnson").

Authorship: The list of authors and contributors should conform to the guidelines as set out by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Each author must indicate his/her role in accordance with the CRediT Taxonomy initiative ( This should done in a paragraph at the end of the manuscript (‘Authors Contributions’).

Please do not add number before subtitles.

Tables and Figures

Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively. Citation of tables and figures should use the format: Table 1, Table 2, ... Figure 1, Figure 2, ... (or Fig. 1, Fig. 2, ...). Parts in a figure can be identified by A, B, C, D, ... . and cited as Figure 2A, Figure 2B, Figure 2C. Do not abbreviate the word "Table" to "Tab.".

Tables: Please create/format tables using Microsoft  Word table format. Tables must be editable, and not as images.

Figures: Resolutions for line arts must be at least 1200 dpi, for color photos at least 300 dpi or higher, and for black/white photos at least 600dpi or higher. It is strongly suggested to provide all images at 600 dpi or higher.

Math Formulas and Symbols

Simple mathematical formulas should be constructed in normal text using superscript, subscript, italic, and symbols in Microsoft Word.

  • Use symbols in the Fonts: (normal text) or Symbol fonts. To insert a symbol, use Insert/symbol in the Word menu.
  • Use / for "divide" or "over". For example, 1/7, 5/(4+6).
  • Use Symbol fonts for "±"; "≤" and "≥" (avoid underline).

Please avoid using math equations of Word whenever possible, because in full text xml/html version, math equations are replaced by images, which may not appear correctly in the normal flow of text.

Research involving animals 

All research use of animals must comply with the ARRIVE Guidelines, and all applicable institutional and national standards for animal care and experimentation. The sex and age of animals must be indicated in the manuscript, and where appropriate, the influence (or association) of sex and/or age on the results of the study must be discussed. Authors must clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines and standards have been followed and approve by the relevant committee(s). A completed ARRIVE checklist must be uploaded with the manuscript.  
Link to ARRIVE guidelines:
Link to ARRIVE checklist:


References should be numbered consecutively starting from 1, and should be cited in the manuscript by numbers, e.g. [1,2,3], (not cited by author and date). One article per reference only (not 1a, 1b, 1c). Please avoid putting personal communications, unpublished observations, conference abstracts or conference papers in references. Do not format references as footnotes. A reference style for EndNote may be found here.

  • Journal Paper
    Please use the PubMed format. The sequence is as: [Author surname] [Author initials], [Other author surnames & initials]. [Article title]. [Journal name abbreviation]. [Year]; [Volume]: [First page number]-[Last page number].
    • Journal paper must have journal name (or journal abbreviation), year, volume and page numbers.
    • Please make sure that the year of publication is not missing.
    • Please use ":" to separate volume and first page number.
    • Do not bold or italicize the title, journal name, or any part of references. Omit any "." in the journal abbreviations.


    • 1. Eknoyan G, Beck GJ, Cheung AK, et al. Effect of dialysis dose and membrane flux in maintenance hemodialysis. N Engl J Med. 2002; 347: 2010-9.
    • Supplement example:
      2. Volk HD, Reinke P, Krausch D, et al. Monocyte deactivation-rationale for a new therapeutic strategy in sepsis. Intensive Care Med. 1996; 22 (Suppl 4):S474-S481.
    • No author given example:
      3. [No authors listed]. Medicare program; criteria for Medicare coverage of adult liver transplants-HCFA. Final notice. Fed Regist. 1991; 56(71):15006-15018.
    • In press example:
      4. Cheung TMT, et al. Effectiveness of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in the treatment of acute respiratory failure in severe acute respiratory syndrome. Chest; in press.
    • Epub ahead of print example:
      5. Li W, Chen Y, Cameron DJ, et al. Elovl4 haploinsufficiency does not induce early onset retinal degeneration in mice. Vision Res 2007; [Epub ahead of print].
  • Book
    • Kiloh LG, Smith JS, Johnson GF, et al. Physical treatment in psychiatry. Boston, USA: Blackwell Scientific Publisher; 1988.
  • Chapters in Edited Book
    • Beckenbough RD, Linscheid RL. Arthroplasty in the hand and wrist. In: Green DP, ed. Operative Hand Surgery, 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1988: 167-214.
  • Web Site
    • [Internet] WHO: Geneva, Switzerland. Summary of probable SARS cases with onset of illness from 1 November 2002 to 31 July 2003. Revised 26 September 2003.
    • [Internet] Kornberg R.

DOI: Please remove the "[pii]" field in any doi. E.g., doi:00932.2006 [pii] 10.1152/japplphysiol.00932.2006. Remove "00932.2006 [pii]".

Web pages and Web links

We discourage mentioning or citing web pages or web links in submitted paper, since web addresses are frequently changed by their owners. This often results in broken links (dead links) in your paper in the future.

Supplementary materials

Supplementary materials may include figures, tables, methods, videos, and other materials. They are available online and are linked to the original published article. Supplementary tables and figures should be labeled with an "S", e.g. "Table S1" and "Figure S1".

The maximum file size for supplementary materials is 10MB each. We encourage the use of smaller files to avoid delays in downloading large files by readers.


Abbreviations must be presented in one paragraph, in the format: "term: definition". Please separate the items by ";". Please strictly follow the format.

E.g. HIV: human immunodeficiency virus; SIV: simian immunodeficiency virus; ....

Ethics Committee Approval and Patient Consent

Experimental research involving human or animal subjects must receive prior approval from the author's institutional review board or ethics committee. Confirmation of this approval is to be explicitly mentioned in the manuscript including the number of proposal and the name of the board/committee that gave the approval. Investigations involving humans will have been performed in accordance with the principles of Declaration of Helsinki. The use of animals in experiments must follow the Interdisciplinary Principles and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research, Testing, and Education by the New York Academy of Sciences, Ad Hoc Animal Research Committee.

If the manuscript contains photos or parts of photos of patients, informed consent from each patient must be obtained. Patient's identities and privacy should be carefully protected in the manuscript.


Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled “Funding.” This should appear before the “Acknowledgment” section.


Any substantial assistance in preparing the manuscript, including data retrieval, statistical analysis, language editing performed by person other than an author should be stated.

Competing Interests

Competing interests that might interfere with the objective presentation of the research findings contained in the manuscript should be stated in a paragraph heading "Competing interests" (after Acknowledgment section and before References). Examples of competing interests are ownership of stock in a company, commercial grants, board membership, etc. If there is no competing interest, please use the statement "The authors have declared that no competing interest exists".

Graphical Abstract

Graphical Abstract sample

new Graphical Abstract: authors should provide a graphical abstract (a beautifully designed feature figure) to represent the paper aiming to catch the attention and interest of readers. Graphical abstract will be published online in the table of content. The graphical abstract should be colored, and kept within an area of 12 cm (width) x 6 cm (height). Image should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi and line art 1200dpi. Note: Height of the image should be no more than half of the width. Please avoid putting too much information into the graphical abstract as it occupies only a small space. Graphical abstract can be provided in the format of jpg (preferred), PDF, Word, PowerPoint, or png, after a manuscript is accepted for publication. See more sample graphical abstracts in

Figures, illustrations and tables

Please include figures at the end of the manuscript Word file using the same criteria as indicated for the graphical abstract. Authors can also provide a high quality PDF containing all figures. Please make sure that images are of high resolution, and that any letters are clear and legible. If the figures or tables are created using PowerPoint, Photoshop, Microsoft Excel etc., please also provide the original files from those programs.

Format for Publication

Upon acceptance of the manuscript, please provide a final version (in Microsoft Word file) for copyediting purpose. Note that the final manuscript must be provided in Microsoft Word, and we cannot accept Latex and Tex files.

Please include figures at the end of manuscript Word file, or provide a high quality PDF containing all figures. Make sure images are of highest resolution, and any letters inside are clear and legible. If the figures or tables are created using PowerPoint, Photoshop, Microsoft Excel etc, please also provide the original files from those programs.

Journal Policies and Review Process


A note on plagiarism (please read before submission): It is the policy of JBJI to adopt a zero-tolerance towards plagiarism (including self-plagiarism). All manuscripts are screened for plagiarism before, during, and after publication. If plagiarism is found, submitted manuscripts will be rejected at any stage of processing. If plagiarism is detected after publication in JBJI, it will be retracted from our journal and the authors' institutions and department heads will be promptly notified.


Manuscripts that are judged to be of insufficient quality or unlikely to be competitive enough for publication will be rejected during the initial screening. The remaining manuscripts will go through a peer review process with two or more reviewers, and possible decisions are: accept as is, minor revision, major revision, or reject. Standard resubmission deadlines are 60 days for a Major Revision decision and 30 days for a Minor Revision decision. Authors may request an extension if reasonably justified. To submit a revision please sign in here and use the submit button at the right side of page.


Articles in our journal are now distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY license) Authors retain copyright of the article.

For articles published before June 10 2019, the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License was used by default and copyright is with the publisher. Please refer to each individual article's copyright and open access statement.

Publication Charges

Publication fee is payable only if a manuscript is accepted for publication. There is no additional fee for color figures, and no submission charge. Instruction for payment will be sent during the publication process and invoice will be available in the manuscript login page after a manuscript is accepted. Payment can be made by credit card or bank transfer. Publication fee is required to cover the cost of publication, and should be paid before copyediting and publication.

Research paper/
Short research communication/
$AUD 850
Letter $AUD 850

* $AUD: Australian dollar

Member of European Bone and Joint Infection Society or MusculoSkeletal Infection Society is eligible for 30% discount. Please inform our publishing team and provide membership proof when the article is scheduled for publication.

Commercial advertising

Commercial advertising is not allowed in our journal.


Reprints can be ordered after copyediting and publication. Reprints are now printed on glossy paper with cover page. They are made of highest quality suitable for scientific corresponding.

For general information about preparing biomedical manuscripts, please consult the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication", available from